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Plastic surgery - history in ancient times

Plastic surgery has been gaining lot of importance in recent times. Plastic surgery boston is one of the centers for world class medical specialities. The term plastic surgery as it suggests, is formed from ‘Plastikos’ which means to make or to shape; thus the plastic surgery means to surgery of the organism to shape, mold or correct for better functionworking or looks. This technical masterydates back to 800BC when Indian Vedic form of surgery was introduced by ‘Shushruta’ a leader of old Indian form of cosmetic surgery. Later on the work of Shushruta was translated in to Arabic in 750 AD during the caliphate of Abbasid. This Arabic script made its way into European countries. Different physicians from Britain went to India for experimenting the old form of rhinoplasty and on their return to Europe they enhanced the techniques used locally in India for the plastic surgery. Ancient Egyptians and Italians also used plastic surgeries especially cosmetic surgeries in earlier 1st century BC. In the mid of 15th century Sabuncuoglu and Heinrich von Pfolspeundt researched on the latest plastic surgery techniques. Heinrich von Pfolspeundt was successful in implanting a new nose on the face by removing skin from the back of the arm and suturing it in place. John Peter Mettauer was the first American physician to deal with high-tech plastic surgery in 1827. But in the 20th century American physician Vilray Blair one of the foundersof modern plastic surgeries in USA, treated number of soldiers with different injury and scars. In this century plastic surgery evolved tremendously as a specialty in Boston, Pittsburgh and several other towns in the United States and other advanced and less progressed countries across the globe. There are different techniques that are being carried out in plastic surgeries now days i.e. Autografts, Allografts and Xenografts etc. In the procedure of the mentioned techniques the skin tissues are either got from species which may include the recipient itself, different species or from synthetic materials. There are many kinds of plastic surgeries but generally speaking we can distribute in the following major categories. 1. Reconstructive surgery, 2. Cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery is also known as rectification of the functional impairment caused by burns; accidents; congenital anomalies like cleft lips; diseases & infections like cancer, tumor and other impairment caused by inner or outer body infections. This type of surgery is performed for the enhancement of the functions of the parts of the body or body itself. The common example of this type of surgery is removal of tumor and reduction of the breast. Surgery of cleft lips and other palate surgeries are also very normal examples of reconstructive surgery. Cosmetic surgery has also a very broader scope now days, especially under the grip of media and glamor; this type of surgical industry has superseded the reconstructive surgery. There are many types of cosmetic surgeries in which the look of the body or its parts is modified. Few of them are given below: 1. Buttock augmentation, 2. Mastopexy (lifting of the breast), 3. Reduction Mammoplasty (Breast reduction), 4. Abdominoplasty (Firming of the abdomen), 5. Liposuction (Removal of extra fats from body), 6. Face lift (rhytidectomy) & Botox, 7. Tummy Tuck etc. and one of the most common: 8. Breast augmentation, breast augmentation pittsburgh. The liposuction is a technique to remove the fats from many parts of the body. This procedure is also known as lipoplasty. This technique has certain limits and sometimes if more fat is removed then the surgery may prove to be much dangerous. By this procedure, redundant fats from thighs, abdomen and buttocks can be removed. Tummy tuck is another important technique in which redundant skin and fats from the tummy are removed to mold the abdomen to look gorgeous. Breast augmentation is another very popular surgical procedure. Here is a website: liposuction pittsburgh or Tummytuck Pittsburgh. In another technique known as rhytidectomy in which wrinkles on the face are removed through a plastic surgery. This is very admired one. Botox injections are being used at a big scale for removal of wrinkles and look younger. For some surgeriesprocedures some ladies may feel comfortable with female plastic surgeons . Although there are many benefits of plastic surgery, still there are many side effects cannot be underestimated. Hence it is always advisable to do due diligence and look for non surgical options first before opting plastic surgery.

Reconstructive Surgery - Is it worth it.

Pennsylvania is a notable center for several board certified plastic surgeons in Pittsburgh pa area. There are many state of the art research institutes such as the University of Pittsburgh, where quality research in diverse fields including reconstructive (plastic) surgery is being conducted. Tummy tuck is one of the normally performed procedures. liposuction pittsburgh pa is very common. Women with numerous pregnancies often ask- How can my pregnancy stretch marks, loose skin and the underlying abdomen be tightened or tucked. Sudden loss of weight due to fasting can also show up as stretch marks on the tummy or stomuch. Tummy tuck is commonly recommended for such conditions. Fatty tissue, the loose hanging skin and the pregnancy stretch marks present on the lower abdomen are incised removed and the muscles below the fat are made firm. This is generally done by absorbable sutures. While this procedure can be effective, earlier scars or pregnancies following tummy tuck could minimize the success of the surgical procedure. A single cut is made above the pubic area and the skin lifted and muscles are sutured close together, tightening the muscles. The surplus fat and skin hanging will be removed. A complete tummy tuck surgery involves 2 skin cuts, 1-above the pubic area and 2- around the navel. The skin is lifted up as in partial tummy tuck, fat deposits removed, muscles pulled together and surplus skin and fat removed.It should be remembered that Tummy tuck is not a treatment for obesity Ocasinally drains are located to suck off excess fluid retained. A permanent small scar can be expected at the suture area. A tight compression cloth may be recommde People can start work within three weeks & generally eight weeks for a complete recovery.

Liposuction tummy- is a regularly performed procedure. Liposuction Pittsburgh pa is very common. Tumescent tummy liposuction method is one of the commenest procedures among liposuction. Fluid containing an anesthetic, saline and epinephrine is injected into the abdominal area using a tube like structure through a small incision at the inguinal area (lower and outer sides of the abdomen). This helps loosen the fat from the other tissues, minimze bleeding and helps deliver the anesthetic. Using a suction tube like canula, fat deposits are detached from the underlying tissues and sucked. The tubes and canulas are thin and might need only few stitches. Common to all the liposuction procedures: Thigh liposuction The operation is same as above, except that the incision is given at the out sides of the thigh to inject both the solution followed by suction vacuum instrument to remove the fat. Neck liposuction a small incision is given just below the chin. Buttock liposuction Same as the above surgical procedure, except the fluid tube and suction canulas are inserted through an incision through the bottom and outer areas of the buttocks. Liposuction of the arms: Same operation as described above with the incisions through the inside of the arm closer to the under arm . Breast lift pittsburgh pa is also very common. There is also Thighlift, tummy tuck pittsburgh pa is also very common. In a thigh lift surplus fat and skin is removed to achieve a better contoured body Arm lift In this procedure, similarly the excess tissue is excised and the remaining tissue made to give a firmer appearance .

Reconstructive Surgery - self improvement.

Its affordable to get world class plastic surgeons in Pittsburgh pa for its ideal location. University of Pittsburgh is a state of the art institute where numerous areas of research is being conducted including cosmetic surgery. Tummy tuck has gained grand popularity in modern times. There are several plastic surgeons doing tummytuck in Pittsburgh pa. Women with a number of pregnancies often ask- How can my pregnancy stretch marks, loose skin and the underlying abdomen be tightened or tucked. Sudden loss of weight due to fasting can also present up as stretch marks on the tummy or stomuch. One option is Tummy tuck. Fatty tissue, the loose hanging skin and the pregnancy stretch marks present on the lower abdomen are incised removed and the muscles below the fat are made firm. This is commonly done by absorbable sutures. While this operation can be effective, earlier scars or pregnancies following tummy tuck could minimise the success of the surgical procedure. The surgical scar is frequently made just above the pubic region. The additional fat and skin hanging will be removed. A complete tummy tuck surgery involves 2 skin cuts, 1-above the pubic area and 2- around the navel. The skin is lifted up as in partial tummy tuck, fat deposits removed, muscles pulled together and surplus skin and fat removed.It should be remembered that Tummy tuck is not a treatment for obesity Ocasinally drains are located to suck off surplus fluid retained. After the surgery a scar may be present depending on how good the surgeon is and other factors such as age, healing etc. A tight compression cloth may be recommde 1-3 weeks to resume work and 6-8 weeks for complete recovery.

Liposuction tummy- is a commonly performed procedure. Liposuction Pittsburgh pa is very common. Tumescent tummy liposuction method is one of the commenest procedures among liposuction. Fluid containing an anesthetic, saline and epinephrine is injected into the abdominal area using a tube like structure through a small incision at the inguinal area (lower and outer sides of the abdomen). This helps loosen the fat from the other tissues, minimze bleeding and helps deliver the anesthetic. Using a suction tube like canula, fat deposits are separated from the underlying tissues and sucked. As the tube like structures are thin, very few or hardly any sutures if necessary will be used. Common to all the liposuction procedures: Thigh liposuction The procedure is same as above, except that the incision is given at the out sides of the thigh to inject both the solution followed by suction vacuum instrument to remove the fat. Liposuction in the neck area: a small incision is given just below the chin. Liposuction suction of buttocks: incision is given on the cheeks of the bosoms. Arm liposuction small incision is given on the innerside of the arm. There is also Thighlift, In a thigh lift surplus fat and skin is removed to achieve a better contoured body Arm lift In an arm lift or brachioplasty, the loosened skin and fat tissue, especially the underarm is removed and rest of the tissue is tightened

Cosmetic Surgery - New perspectives.

Its affordable to get world class plastic surgery in Pittsburgh pa for its ideal location. There are numerous state of the art research institutes such as the University of Pittsburgh, where quality research in lots of fields including reconstructive (plastic) surgery is being conducted. Tummy tuck has gained huge popularity in modern times. There are numerous plastic surgeons doing tummy tuck Pittsburgh pa area One common question asked by pregnant women is, How to get rid of pregnancy stretch marks, or How to get rid of loose skin due to pregnancy. Sudden loss of weight due to fasting can also show up as stretch marks on the tummy or stomuch. Tummy tuck is normally recommended for such conditions. In a partial tummy tuck fat loose skin, fat tissue and stretch marks at the lower abdomen are removed and the underlying muscles are tightened. breast enlargement pittsburgh pa is also very common. While this operation can be effective, earlier scars or pregnancies following tummy tuck could minimize the success of the surgical operation. The surgical scar is regularly made just above the pubic region. The surplus skin & fat are incised. In a full tummy tuck, 2 incisions, the first one extending from side to side at the lower abdomen above the pubic area, and the second one around the navel (belly button area). The skin is elevated and the surplus fatty tissue is removed and the muscles are brought together. Draining tubes could be placed to drain off the surplus fluid for 2-3 weeks. A permanent small scar can be expected at the suture area. Tightening girdle like cloth or garb is recommeneded to allow healing. People can start work within three weeks & generally eight weeks for a complete recovery.

Liposuction tummy- is a commonly performed operation. There are several plastic surgeons performing Liposuction in Pittsburgh pa area. null Fluid containing an anesthetic, saline and epinephrine is injected into the abdominal area using a tube like structure through a small incision at the inguinal area (lower and outer sides of the abdomen). It also assists in detaching the fat from the rest of the tissues. A canula is used which aids in sucking the detached fats. As the tube like structures are thin, very few or hardly any sutures if required will be used. Common to all the liposuction procedures: Thigh liposuction incision is given on the outer sides of the thigh. Liposuction in the neck area: a small incision is given just below the chin. Liposuction suction of buttocks: Same as the above surgical procedure, except the fluid tube and suction canulas are inserted through an incision through the bottom and outer areas of the buttocks. Breast lift pittsburgh pa is also performed by cosmetic plastic surgeons. Arm liposuction Same operation as described above with the incisions through the inside of the arm closer to the under arm. Thigh lift Where surplus skin, fat and tissues are excised and tissues pulled together to give a firmer appearance. Arm lift In this operation, similarly the surplus tissue is excised and the remaining tissue made to give a firmer appearance.

Body contouring In a total body contouring procedure, the excess body fat and skin from the required areas are removed and the underlying tissues and muscles are tightened to achieve a well contoured body. In order to promote quick healing and a compressing dress is recommended, which also helps minimize fluid rentention. 1-2 weeks to resume work and 4-6 weeks for complete recovery. Final results can be expected at 3 months. It has to be noted that Liposuction is not helpful for cellulite.

Cosmetic Surgery - To do r not to do.

Many cities have observed an increase in plastic surgeries including Pittsburgh. According to American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (AAFPRS) there has been a sixty % growth in males and 30 % increment in ladies electing to have cosmetic procedures since 2000. There are many surgical procedures such as breast augmentation Pittsburgh pa.

A lot of people choose to look and stay young and fit. Thats one way to present ourselves to people. It helps grow confidence with plastic surgery. When people heard about plastic surgery, a lot of things rattled their minds. And we loftily probe ourselves if it is truly possible to alter the size of their stomachs, breasts or other body parts easily and look beautiful than they really are. Those things are just ordinary things that plastic surgery can possibly do, but more than that it can also rebuild the chin of a 4 year old boy after an accident and lighten the birthmark of a young woman after the delivery. Plastic surgery can change our physical as well as our mental environment.

This word plastic is not drawn through synthetic substance rather it is rooted from the Greek word plastikos, which means to form or mold. Plastic surgery is a peculiar type of surgery that can involve both a person’s appearance and capacity to function. Tummy tuck Pittsburgh pa can work work to enhance the appearance, confidence as well as the functionality.

There are essentially two types of Plastic surgery: Reconstructive and Cosmetic procedures. Reconstructive procedures correct defects on the face or other parts of body. These usually comprise physical birth defects like cleft lips and palates and ear deformities, traumatic injuries like those from dog bites or burns, or the aftermath of disease treatments like rebuilding a woman’s breast after surgery for breast cancer. The other wll known plastic surgery is the cosmetic surgery/ or aesthetic plastic surgery. This procedure involves correcting the parts of the body the person is not happy with. Some of the frequently performed plastic surgeires are breast enlargement, liposuction, tummy tuck, body part lift such as facial lift, breast lift etc. It also includes reshaping the nose or rhinoplasty and removing pockets of fat from specific spots on the body or popularly called liposuction method.

Not all cosmetic procedure includes cutting and stitching, some of the methods can be non-surgical. Many plastic surgeons nowadays utilize Laser treatment, a special operation wherein the patient will undergo a painless surgical procedure. It is basically used in removing unwanted hairs on different parts of the body and sanding skin to enhance severe scarring. Many people of different races and cultures as well as language and traditions embrace the idea of improving their self worth through Plastic surgery procedures. It has been an outlet for many people to ameliorate their selves and be the best that they can be. Maximized results can be expected when incisions are vigilantly planned to fall within the skin folds, stitches are not visible or the visibility is removed soon, and the safest and best way to close the wounds in the sense that they become tightly closed by inconspicuous stitches Board certification plays a vital role in the successfulness of a plastic surgical procedure. It is deemed significant that we conduct due dilligence to ensure that the plastic surgeon has the accurate and competent training, approved qualifications, and intensive experience necessary to execute plastic surgery procedures safely and skilfully. Non-surgical procedures also need to be explored before getting into plastic surgery

Plastic Surgery - Is it the youthful Aura.

Many cities have observed an increase in plastic surgeries including Pittsburgh. According to American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (AAFPRS) there has been a sixty % growth in men and thirty % gain in ladies electing to have cosmetic procedures since 2000. There are lots of surgical procedures such as breast lift pittsburgh pa.

A lot of people choose to look and stay young and fit. Thats one way to present ourselves to people. Some gain confidence through plastic surgery and interact comfortably to the people around them. People ordinarily get rattled with plastic surgery. This leads us to question the possibility of to what extent we can change ourselves. Those things are just ordinary things that plastic surgery can possibly do, but more than that it can also rebuild the chin of a 4 year old boy after an accident and lighten the birthmark of a young woman after the delivery. Plastic surgery can change our physical as well as our mental environment.

Plastic is derived from the Greekword plastikos, to mean form or mould. Plastic surgery can invlolve melioration in not only appearance but also the functionality. breast reduction pittsburgh pa can work work to enhance the appearance, confidence as well as the functionality.

There are fundamentally two types of Plastic surgery: Reconstructive and Cosmetic procedures. Defects of the body/facial features are improved by reconstructive surgical procedures. These ordinarily comprise physical birth defects like cleft lips and palates and ear deformities, traumatic injuries like those from dog bites or burns, or the aftermath of disease treatments like rebuilding a woman’s breast after surgery for breast cancer. The other type of Plastic surgery that is commonly known to lots of women all over the world is the Cosmetic or Aesthetic operation. This procedure involves correcting the parts of the body the person is not happy with. Common cosmetic procedures consist of making the breasts larger or popularly called as augmentation mammoplasty and breast reduction or reduction mammoplasty. Recorrecting the shape of the nose also called rhinoplasty also has become a commonly perfomed operation.

Some of the cosmetic procedures can be non-surgical as well such as. One such proceudre is Laser treatment, which has gained a lot of popularity in recent times. It could be used to remove undesirable hairs, rejuvinate the skin among lots of other advantages. The increment in plastic surgery has been noted not only in US but through out the world. It has been an outlet for many people to ameliorate their selves and be the best that they can be.Maximized results can be expected when incisions are vigilantly planned to fall within the skin folds, stitches are not visible or the visibility is removed soon, and the safest and best way to close the wounds in the sense that they become tightly closed by invisible stitches Board certification plays a vital role in the successfulness of a plastic surgical procedure. It is deemed significant that we conduct due dilligence to ensure that the cosmetic surgeon has the accurate and competent training, approved qualifications, and intensive experience necessary to execute plastic surgery procedures safely and skilfully. Non-surgical procedures also need to be explored before getting into plastic surgery

Cosmetic Surgery - Are facial fillers commonly injected?

great face bones have all the time been favored. Sometimes wrinkles, drooping skin or sagging eyelids may not be the main cause for giving away the age. Interest for rhinoplasty pittsburgh pa has increased in the recent times. An report published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® (PRS), the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) ascertained that as we mature the lower jaw expands and could give an older appearance. This work showed that the build of the lower jaw plays an chief role in the perception of youth and can be a tell-tale sign of someone’s age. Small and globular jaws lines are considered to give a youthful appearance.

The authors studied radiographic images of sixteen subjects (eight males and eight women) taken at youth (mean age 16 years old) and maturity (mean age 56 years old). That report indicated that the lower jaw grew squared shaped with age. According to the work, soft-tissue procedures, such as a facial lift, can create the illusion of a smaller lower jaw and may heighten a more youthful appearance. More than 104,000 facelifts were performed in 2006, according to ASPS statistics. Not only are cheeks key to our face structure- they have become essential to the American concept of beauty. Padding the cheek region also improves bulk loss under the eyes. In plastic surgery, both lifting as well as adding volume can be persued. Restoring mass to deep cheek fat will affect other areas of the face helping better treat facial aging. In the work, 14 cadavers were injected with dye to identify the deeper cheek fat compartment, which is located neath the fat beneath the skin. After latex was injected into the compartment, which then set all-night, the study authors located the boundaries of the fat compartment, as well as the compartment’s relationship with neighboring muscles. That report identified 3 extra compartments.

According to the work, bulk loss to the deeper cheek fat compartment leads to “hollowing” of the face. That study showed deeper facial fat when lost could gived an aged look, Volumizing the deep cheek areas helped hollowing the face and gave a youthful appearance. Finally, when the injection was done correctly into the fat compartment, a smaller volume of fat or filler was needed, the report noted. The work authors concluded that many other compartments of fat remain to be identified in the face and human body. This and similar studies showed adding bulk to certain face compartments resulted in better youthful appearance.According to ASPS stats, nearly 8,000 cheek implants were performed in 2007. In addition, about 47,000 fat injections and 1.1 million injections with hyaluronic acid fillers were performed last year. One suggestion is by cheek implant surgery to get high cheek bones. Facial asymmetry and low cheek bones could be good candidates for facial cosmetic surgery. The cosmetic surgery is normally conducted as an outpatient operation with local or general anesthesia. A small incision is made either under the upper lip, in the lower eyelid, or in the hairline, and a pre-shaped implant is placed next to the bone.
In addition to surgical procedures, non-surgical plastic procedures can also be conducted. Cosmetic cutaneous fillers include collagen, hyaluronic acid, fat and other substances. Face injectable fillers add mass to areas and regions thus giving a pleasant desired contour. featured site ceiling pendant light fixtures for home.